FANDOM


(+ references)
(more info, external links and removed stub template)
 
Line 2: Line 2:
 
[[File:Pair_of_bluebird_salt_&_pepper_shakers.jpg|thumb|An interestingly shaped pepper shaker from a salt and pepper pair]]
 
[[File:Pair_of_bluebird_salt_&_pepper_shakers.jpg|thumb|An interestingly shaped pepper shaker from a salt and pepper pair]]
   
There are different kinds of pepper...
+
There are different kinds of pepper. When people talk about "salt and pepper", they're usually referring to black pepper.
There are also a range of pepper that have different levels of "spiciness" or hot sensation: chilli, banana, bell, cayenne and more. It also has the interesting property that some pests may not like it. [[Allspice]] is in the pepper family.
+
There are also a range of peppers that have different levels of "spiciness" or hot sensation: bell, chilli, banana, bell, cayenne and more. It also has the interesting property that some pests may not like it. [[Allspice]] is in the pepper family.
  +
  +
The "heat" or spiciness of peppers are measured on a Scoville scale or in Scoville heat units (SHU). It measures the amount of capsaicinoid in the peppers. Higher numbers mean hotter. A banana pepper measures at about 500 SHU, while a Habanero pepper can range up to 570,000. (Law enforcement grade pepper spray is about 5 million SHU.)
  +
  +
Pepper is primarily used for taste, but may also have some health benefits. Black pepper assists in digestion, provides manganese, vitamin K and iron. Bell peppers are high in vitamin C, A, B6 and various carotenoids. They are a good source of antioxidants. Bell peppers may have a higher level of residual pesticides on them than many other vegetables
   
{{stub}}
 
 
[[File:Pepper_continuum.jpg|thumb|a rainbow of peppers]]
 
[[File:Pepper_continuum.jpg|thumb|a rainbow of peppers]]
   
Line 17: Line 16:
 
==References==
 
==References==
 
* {{w-ref|pepper}}
 
* {{w-ref|pepper}}
* [[w:c:recipes:pepper|pepper]]
+
* [[w:c:recipes:pepper|pepper]] on the recipes wikia
  +
* [http://missvickie.com/howto/spices/peppers/peppersdict.html Visual guide to peppers] on Miss Vickie's Pressure Cooker Recipes, also has a short description of a variety of peppers
  +
* {{w-ref|Scoville scale}}
  +
* World's Healthiest Foods on [http://www.whfoods.com/genpage.php?tname=foodspice&dbid=74 black pepper], [http://www.whfoods.com/genpage.php?tname=foodspice&dbid=50 bell peppers], and [http://www.whfoods.com/genpage.php?tname=george&dbid=208 What is the dirty dozen?] (foods most likely to have pesticide residues)
 
[[Category:Food]]
 
[[Category:Food]]

Latest revision as of 09:49, November 1, 2011

Pepper actually refers to several different kinds of plants. Black or white pepper (genus Piper) is a common food spice.

Pair of bluebird salt & pepper shakers

An interestingly shaped pepper shaker from a salt and pepper pair

There are different kinds of pepper. When people talk about "salt and pepper", they're usually referring to black pepper. There are also a range of peppers that have different levels of "spiciness" or hot sensation: bell, chilli, banana, bell, cayenne and more. It also has the interesting property that some pests may not like it. Allspice is in the pepper family.

The "heat" or spiciness of peppers are measured on a Scoville scale or in Scoville heat units (SHU). It measures the amount of capsaicinoid in the peppers. Higher numbers mean hotter. A banana pepper measures at about 500 SHU, while a Habanero pepper can range up to 570,000. (Law enforcement grade pepper spray is about 5 million SHU.)

Pepper is primarily used for taste, but may also have some health benefits. Black pepper assists in digestion, provides manganese, vitamin K and iron. Bell peppers are high in vitamin C, A, B6 and various carotenoids. They are a good source of antioxidants. Bell peppers may have a higher level of residual pesticides on them than many other vegetables

Pepper continuum

a rainbow of peppers

RelatedEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Wikipedia's article on pepper
Community content is available under CC-BY-SA unless otherwise noted.